Indian Philosophy And Living Culture

From ancient times of history, the Indian subcontinent appears as an attractive habitat for human livelihood. The culture of India has been formed by its old and long history, unique geography, various demographics and various customs, tradition and philosophy also. In spite of the innumerable regional, social and linguistic diversities of the country, there always has been a simple unity in Indian culture. This is quite vast and useful culture which also enriched by fantastic philosophical thoughts.

Moreover this culture also maintained an unbroken continuity from Vedic times to the present day, although it faces so a lot of wars inside country, invasions from outside. This unbroken continuity of Indian culture is derived from its deep spiritual thought. In this write-up I will try to draw an outline of the deep rooted relation between Indian culture, its five thousand years old civilization and its philosophy.Culture means cultivation of human’s mind. It refers to a state of intellectual development or manners. Culture means the development and growth of ancient customs, behavioral patterns, way of life, habits, values of life, religious beliefs, principles, spiritual understanding, and creation of art and literature of particular group of people, which is passed on from generation to generation. Indian culture is wealthy and diverse. It has attained a prominent place among all the cultures of the world. Their customs, manners, way of communicating with one more, these all are one of the crucial components of this culture.

Even though Indians have accepted contemporary means of living has improved their living regular but their values and beliefs still stay unchanged. A contemporary Indian can change his way of clothing, way of eating and living but the wealthy values in a individual often remains unchanged simply because they are deeply rooted inside their hearts, mind, body and soul which they receive from their culture.

Culture and Civilization are the unique and distinguishing functions of mankind. Culture also indicates to accomplish highest ideals of mankind. The life – centre of Indian culture is its spirituality. This meant a way of life oriented to the ultimate purpose or objective of life which is the realization of the Supreme Spirit or God.

Indian culture visualizes the life with a rare vision and achievement.

Indian culture is the only culture in the world which spreads its glorious realization about Supreme Consciousness. Philosophy arose in India as a result of an enquiry into the mystery of life and existence. Though this very same situation arose in ancient Greece but the Greek philosophers limited their enquiries which were carried out in the inner world. They also wanted to understand the highest truth in life. It is the practical realization of the spiritual truth. Indian sages are known as ‘Rishis’ who developed special techniques of transcending the senses and control the ordinary mind of the individuals through the path of yoga. With the help of the methods they delved deep into the depth of consciousness and discovered critical truths about the actual nature of man and the universe.                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The cultural heritage of India in the field of literature is extremely wealthy with its philosophical thoughts. From ancient time, Indian literature is known for its exclusive philosophical feature and the deep impact of Veda and Vedanta. The Veda, which means understanding, their authorship is unknown to us. But the conventional claim that the Veda had been originally ‘heard’ by sages and then passed on orally through generations of teachers. They had been finally written down to ensure their preservation.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The first Veda, the Rig Veda is the most ancient book of Indian literature. It consists of 1028 verses. Most of these verses are mainly prayers of Gods. The later Yajur Veda and Sama Veda borrowed much from the Rig Veda, and had been largely for the use of priests. Lastly, the fourth Veda is the Atharva Veda, contained original hymns and various sorts of ritual and samskaras. ‘Upanishad’ means ‘sitting at the feet (of a master). This certain meaning indicates the important idea inherent in Indian Philosophy that truth is generally discovered by questions asked by a pupil to his master or guru. The Upanishadic  literature are enriched with deep philosophical thought, gives us a vivid description and analysis of the beginning of the universe, the mysteries about life and death, materialistic and spiritual world etc. ‘Brihadaranyaka, and ‘chhandogya’ are the earliest of Upanishad in the dialogue form expressing the deepest thoughts in a quite straightforward and lucid way.

‘Vedanta’ means ‘the end of conclusion of the Veda. It is a philosophical system associated especially with Indian culture. The spiritual foundation of this program is that Reality (Brahman) is 1 or Absolute, changeless, perfect and eternal. The ordinary human world is consisted to many separate and finite things which our mind represents by our senses are illusion. Via meditation and pure consciousness 1 can knowledge his true self which is Brahman, God, and the 1 infinite eternal thing which causes and connects many things. According to Indian philosophy accurate enlightment is Self-realization, to expertise the supreme reality as self.

Indian philosophy is inseparable from the doctrines of Indian religion. The unification of Indian philosophy with Indian religion is a remarkable synthesis which also creates new conception about life. It also assists to grow philosophical progress. Therefore the insights of Buddha or the philosophies of Mahavira or Vyasa or the thoughts of Samkara it is the extremely exclusive notion of mixing the depths of spiritual life which contoured the Indian philosophy very beautifully.

In contrast to the Western religions, which have little philosophical content and belief in the “One God” is mandatory, but a lot of of India’s ancient religions had been not religions in the narrow sense. India’s early Buddhists were pre-dominantly atheists, the early Jains were agnostic, and according to Hinduism, god is an really abstract and metaphysical way.

India is a land of diverse cultures. The variations in physical, climatic conditions and the extent of exposure to other culture have significantly influenced the traditions and culture of the diverse regions. There is an underlying fundamental factor in the entire Indian culture.

Moreover, the generosity of India has been in accepting the finest form of all the invaders customs and forming a new customs and styles. It is visible in all aspects – music, dance, painting, sculptures, and architecture. This rich tradition of Indian philosophy – both rational and spiritual – discovered its way into Indian art and architecture as nicely stupas, temples, mosques. Indian culture is a visual representation of all the essential philosophical concepts. For this reason we see that the devotional movement in Medieval India is a wonderful mixture of several rituals which associated with the worship of God by Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs of Indian Subcontinent.

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